The first Pakistani and second Muslim Nobel laureate (1979) was the Pakistani theoretical physicist, Dr. Abdus Salam after he predicted the existence of ‘god-particles’. He worked for the Pakistan’s space and nuclear program but shunned by the Muslim Pakistani fundamentalists in the 1970s. But his work got immense importance in the field of international and Pakistani scientific area and still look up as “scientific father”.
He always believed to be the Muslim and saw religion as a fundamental part of his scientific work. In 1974, the Pakistan Parliament made a constitutional amendment and called ‘Ahmadiyya Comunity’ as non-Muslim from which he belonged to. Dr. Salam protested against it and left for London from Pakistan. But he was quite unable to break the chord with Pakistan where he founded the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) and helped in establishing the Theoretical Physics Group (TPG) in the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).
He was even a science advisor to the Government of Pakistan from 1960 to 1974, and played an influential role for the development of scientific infrastructure in his homeland, Pakistan. Recently, in 2015, the Academy of Young researchers and Scholars, Lahore has renamed its library to ‘Abdus Salam Library’.
Everything became blue and black from the moment Pakistani Parliament passed the controversial bill and Dr. Salam left Pakistan in protest. But he kept on working in the field of Science and was associated with TPG and PAEC. He also established the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, in the North-East of Italy and served as its director until 1993.
In 1996, he died on 21st November, 1996 at the age of 70 in Oxford, England from progressive supranuclear palsy. His body was returned for the last time to Pakistan and was buried in Bahishti Maqbara, a cemetery made by Ahmadiyya Community at Rabwah. Punjab, Pakistan. It said “First Muslim Nobel Laureate” to noble prize winner but the term “Muslim” was removed on the order of local magistrate due to the non-Muslim identity for Ahmadiyya Community. After his death also, he did not get his due of being religiously devoted as a Muslim in which he always believed in and had to leave his own country half-heartedly.